Productive Talk moves
What are talk moves?
"in a project designed to improve mathematical achievement of ELLs and other ethnic and linguistic minority students, Chapin, O'Connor, and Anderson (2009) found that careful scaffolding of classroom discussions was a key to success. Through the context of discussions, students were able to develop logical reasoning and learned how to make and support arguments. Although their work is centered on mathematics instruction, the principles and strategies work across content areas."
The five talk moves that the authors found to be effective are:
1. Revoicing- Revoicing is when the teachers repeats what the student says. This is used when what the student said was unclear. The teacher will always ask the student if what they repeated what correct. ("So you're saying...")
2. Repeating- Repeating is simply asking the student to repeat what another student said. ("Can you repeat what he or she just said in your own words?")
3. Reasoning- Reasoning is asking the student to use their own reasoning to another students response. It is important that no opinions be involved by the teachers, and that the teacher follows up with asking "Why?" This develops the students thinking as to why they agree or disagree. ("Do you agree or disagree? Why?")
4. Adding on- Adding on is a way to get the students to participate further in the discussions. This is a great move to get the students engaged by asking for additional input. ("Would someone like to add something more to this?")
5. Waiting- Waiting is also called wait time. Wait time is used to ensure that students have time to think about their response and gather their thoughts before sharing with the class. ("Take your time... we'll wait...")
Wright, W. E. (2010). Foundations for Teaching English Language Learners: Research, Theory, Policy,
and Practice. Caslon Inc.
Talk moves posters for the classroom!
Each of the images above are signs or posters that you could hang in the classroom to remind the students of the prompts that they should be using to ask questions or respond to another students response. The picture above would be great to have in your class if you have EL students because it has pictures to prompt them if they are not able to read the prompts below the pictures.